: Drapeau du Delaware. Peter Minuit, or Minnewit, was born about 1580 in Wesel, Cleves, a town that is now in Germany near the border with The Netherlands. Peter Minuit, aka Pieter Minuit, Pierre Minuit or Peter Minnewit, c.1580/1585 – 1638. First, he claimed and explored lands. In 2010, it partnered with the New York State Office of Cultural Education to establish the New Netherland Research Center, with matching funds from the State of the Netherlands. Un marqueur de pierre situé à Inwood Hill Park indique le lieu présumé de sa célèbre transaction, tandis que les enfants d’East Harlem fréquentent une école et un terrain de jeu portant le nom de l’ancien directeur de la colonie. Une de ses premières tâches consista à "acheter" Manhattan à ses habitants. Peter Minuit >Peter Minuit (1580-1638) was director general of the New Netherland [1] >colony in America and founder of New Amsterdam [2]. Né à Wesel vers 1580, Peter Minuit a rejoint la Compagnie des Indes occidentales néerlandaises dans les années 1620. Minuit is generally credited with orchestrating the purchase of … Dutch people, places, miscellany, A Description of New Netherland Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company In 1637, Swedish explorers and stockholders created the New Sweden Company to explore and trade in the New World, under a charter with Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus. Of Huguenot Walloon descent, Peter Minuit was born in Wesel on the German Rhine. In 1624 Dutch merchants established a settlement that became known as New Netherland. Minuit a grandi au cours d'une période marquée par des querelles continuelles entre les Hollandais et les Espagnols pour le contrôle de la région. En 1625, Minuit entreprit le voyage en Nouvelle-Pays-Bas, une colonie néerlandaise qui s'étendait du Delaware moderne au Connecticut. Johan est le fils d'un immigré wallon, qui a probablement quitté son pays pour échapper aux persécutions religieuses. A Holland Nyugat-Indiai Társaságot inkább érdekelte a kereskedelem mint a gyarmatosítás – eközben a társaság sok tagja felajánlotta gyarmatosító szolgálatait a svéd királyságnak. View this article's JSTOR metadata. In 1626, however, Peter Minuit (pronounced Min-We), the colony's new director and someone well acquainted with its various climes, moved the colony's center from High Island to Manhattan Island. Son histoire comprend par les professions néerlandais, suédois, britannique et la colonie de Pennsylvanie, qui comprenait le Delaware jusqu’à 1703. Peter Minuit[a] was a Walloon from Tournai, in present-day Belgium. Faisant équipe avec Samuel Blommaert, directeur du WIC et patroon, il a convaincu le gouvernement suédois de créer une colonie dans la région du Delaware. Peter Minuit had many positive effects on European society. Puis, sous le commandement du directeur de la colonie, Willem Verhulst, Minuit fut chargé d'explorer les tronçons supérieurs des rivières North et South (Hudson et Delaware) et d'établir des relations commerciales avec des tribus indigènes. Minuit fonda plus tard une colonie suédoise dans la baie de Delaware avant sa mort dans un ouragan des Caraïbes en 1638. Peter Minuit was a Dutch colonial governor of New Amsterdam who is mainly remembered for his fabulous purchase of Manhattan Island (the nucleus of New York City) from the Indians for trade goods worth a mere 60 guilders. View this article on JSTOR. His immediate reason was an Indian War centered at Fort Orange (present-day Albany) that threatened the security of all outlying settlements, but Minuit's knowledge of the climate—High Island was frequently isolated for months in the winter when the Delaware River froze—likely played a part in his decision.Â, In 1638, it would be Peter Minuit, under the flag of Sweden, who would lead the establishment of the first permanent colony on the Delaware. Minuit a également mis en place un conseil d'administration composé de cinq membres pour faire appliquer les lois, bien qu'il reste l'autorité suprême de la colonie. Although they did not last he helped cultivate what became New York and Delaware. Peter Minuit found Delaware on accident, and he was sailing away from Massachusetts after being band. Peter Minuit was the founder with the New Sweden Company, of the Delaware colony.He helped Swedish colonists helped form New Sweden the first establishment on the Delaware River. Peter Minuit was a Walloon whose protestant parents had moved from Doornik, Henegouwen in the southern Netherlands, which then included present-day Belgium, to Wesel in Germany, in order to escape from the Catholic Spanish colonials, who were not favorably deposed to those people who had left the Catholic Church to become Protestants. In 1626 he sailed to North America, where Dutch settlers had established the province of New Netherland along the Hudson River and on the southern tip of Manhattan Island. That honor went to Virginia. Certains spécialistes ont souligné que les communautés amérindiennes n’avaient pas les mêmes notions de propriété foncière que les Européens de l’époque. Timeline of the Netherlands & Scandinavia in North America. Leur fils Pierre naquit alors dans le duché de Clèves car la ville de Wesel était devenue un refuge pour les protestants dès 1540. Peter Minuit, Minuit also spelled Minnewit, (born c. 1580, Wesel, Kleve [Germany]—died June 1638, Caribbean Sea), Dutch colonial governor of New Amsterdam who is mainly remembered for his fabulous purchase of Manhattan Island (the nucleus of New York City) from the Indians for trade goods worth a mere 60 guilders. Peter Minuit, Pierre Minuit edo Peter Minnewit Wesel, 1580an jaio zen Weselen. À son arrêt en Angleterre, Minuit a été arrêté pour trafic illégal sur le territoire anglais. Little is known of his early years. Après que le ministre de la colonie, Jonas Michaelius, eut écrit à la société à propos des divers méfaits du directeur, Minuit reçut l'ordre de retourner en Hollande en 1631. A former director of the West India Company who admired Minuit recommended him as the right man to … La colonie du Delaware a été fondée en 1638 par les colons européens des Pays-Bas et la Suède.  is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Minuit retired to the place of his youth, the Duchy of Cleves. La construction du Fort Amsterdam au bas de l'île étant déjà en cours, il entreprit de construire 30 cabanes en rondins, une maison de négoce en pierre et un moulin à chevaux, dont le deuxième étage serait utilisé pour les services de prière. With its natural harbor free of ice in the winter, ease of defense, and size enough for a major settlement with supporting farms, Manhattan Island seems like the clear choice for the administrative center of New Netherland. Peter Minuit served as director of New Netherland until 1633, when he carried on the business of colonizing America and settled New Sweden on the lower Delaware River. Minuit reprend ses relations commerciales en Europe, mais il reste fasciné par les opportunités offertes par l’Atlantique. Minuit s'est établi comme diacre de l'église et coupeur de diamants. Okay, give this four stars if you are from Delaware or a Delaware junkie. This site has seen over 200,000 visitors over the past 12 months, but less than 1% have donated. Service Suédois, Mort et Héritage Troisième directeur de la colonie néerlandaise de la Nouvelle-Pays-Bas, Peter Minuit est surtout connu pour avoir "acheté" Manhattan à une tribu amérindienne en 1626. Prior to returning to Holland, Minuit was engaged in exploration expeditions in the upper reaches of what are now known as the Hudson and Delaware Rivers, and establish relations with Native American tribes in the region. Biography of Peter Minuit (1580-1638) Dutch colonial Governor born in 1580 in Wesel (Kleve, Germany) and died in the Caribbean Sea in June 1638. En outre, Peter Minuit Plaza est situé à l'extérieur du terminal ferry de Staten Island, à la pointe sud de Manhattan, point à partir duquel la première colonie néerlandaise s'est développée pour devenir une métropole florissante. Peter Minuit was born in Holland in 1580. Troiième directeur de la colonie néerlandaie de la Nouvelle-Pay-Ba, Peter Minuit et urtout connu pour avoir "acheté" Manhattan à une tribu amérindienne en 1626.N. On sait peu de choses de ses premières années. Peter Minuit found Delaware and he purchased the island of Manhattan from Native Americans. Original Kalmar Nyckel. In 1638, it would be Peter Minuit, under the flag of Sweden,Â. Peter Minuit buys Manhattan Island in 1626 from American Indian people, with trade goods worth around US$24. Peter Minuit. Minuit's birth year is not exactly known but it is somewhere between 1580 and 1589. He founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware Peninsula in 1638. Minuit was one of those who decided to settle in America and in 1626 became director-general of New Netherland. He was band from practicing unrelious beliefs, and wanted to get away from that. : Carte des États-Unis avec le Delaware en rouge. île. Sous le commandement de deux navires, Minuit atteignit la baie de Delaware en mars 1638 et commença la construction du Fort Christina sur le site de Wilmington. He even led a voyage of two ships filled with Swedish people that were ready to begin their new lives in the new colony in the New World. Peter Minuit est né vers 1580 dans la ville portuaire de Wesel, qui faisait alors partie du duché de Clèves. Wander a lost world stretching from Connecticut to Delaware, Curacao Papers Largement commémoré pour son achat de Manhattan, les contributions de Minuit sont commémorées dans toute l'île. Il a été le 3e directeur de la colonie hollandaise nord-américaine de New Netherland de 1626 à 1631, et 3e gouverneur de New Netherland. In 1637, the Swedish government decided to sponsor a Swedish trading colony on the Delaware River. Possibly by Walloon ancestry, Minuit wrote in Dutch and was a deacon at the local Dutch Church in his home town of Wesel, Germany. Minuit a Delaware folyó torkolatánál alapította Új-Svédországot 1638-ban. The Dutch government gave exclusive trading rights to the Dutch West India Company. 1638ko udaberrian iritsi ziren Minuit eta bere lagunak Swedes'Landing (gaurko Wilmington) izeneko tokira. Adolphus died in 1632, and his daughter and successor Queen Christina took over the charter's administration. Then there is the Peter Minuit Flagstaff Base in Battery Park. Peter Minuit (between 1580 and 1585 – August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Tournai, in present-day Belgium. Visit the NNI shop for books, maps, notecards & more. Cependant, l'accent mis par la colonie sur le commerce des fourrures au détriment de l'agriculture limita sa croissance et en 1628, il n'y avait toujours que 270 habitants de Manhattan. View more articles from The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. (En dépit de cette anecdote largement répandue, la véracité de cette transaction soulève des questions. This book gives an average telling of the story of the Kalmar Nyckel, the ship that brought the first Sweedes to Delaware, and Peter Minuet, the man who captained the effort of the Sweedish Crown to establish a colony in the New World. Box 2536, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12220-0536Phone: 518-486-4815   Fax: 518-473-0472    Email:[email protected]   Board Access, Web Site CreditsDesign: ReZolv CreativeDevelopment: Web Instinct. Premières années . In 1625 he/she left that city, perhaps by the Spanish occupation. In 1638, it would be Peter Minuit, under the flag of Sweden, who would lead the establishment of the first permanent colony on the Delaware. We love that so many new people are becoming interested in New Netherland. ... Delaware ibaiaren ibilbidean kokatuta, antzina holandarrek erreklamatzen zuten lurraldearen barnean, Suedia Berria deituko zioten. NNI is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. He later became first >governor of New Sweden [3]. Minuit perished at sea shortly thererafter. Nommé directeur de la colonie de Nouvelle-Pays-Bas en 1626, il aurait négocié un accord pour l'île de Manhattan avec une tribu amérindienne et aurait contribué à développer un commerce de fourrure rentable dans la région. He also established the first settlement of New Sweden, which was located in Delaware. Minuit was born sometime between 1580 and 1585 as the son of Johan Minuit. Il rejoignit finalement la Compagnie des Indes occidentales néerlandaises (WIC), créée en 1621 pour réglementer la colonisation et le commerce avec l'étranger. Although Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution, it was not the first of the 13 colonies to be settled. Peter Minuit, Pierre Minuit atau Peter Minnewit (1589 – 5 Ogos, 1638) merupakan seorang Walloon daripada Wesel, kini terletak di North Rhine-Westphalia, Jerman, kemudian merupakan sebahagian daripada Duchy of Cleves.Beliau merupakan Ketua Pengarah bagi sebuah koloni Belanda iaitu Belanda Baru bermula pada tahun 1626 sehingga 1633 dan pengasas koloni Sweden iaitu Sweden Baru pada … Targeted residents: Mostly people who are farmers, people who came for trading or gaining profits and people who wanted religious freedom were the targeted residents. He was the 3rd Director of the Dutch North American colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1631, and 3rd Governor of New Netherland. Peu de temps après son arrivée, il aurait échangé pour un montant de 60 florins de perles, vêtements et ornements aux Indiens Lenape contre ce qu'il croyait être le droit de propriété. This Peter Minwit once served the honorable Company as director in this country.". Fondateurs: Peter Minuit et la New Sweden Company; Personnes importantes: James, duc d'York, William Penn; Arrivées anticipées . You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: … Sweden was eager to capitalize on Minuit's knowledge of the area after his dismissal by the Dutch West India Company. It was later taken over by England and placed under English rule. Natural history & native life through the eyes of an original settler, For over three decades, NNI has helped cast light on America's Dutch roots. Peter Minuit, the first governor of Newe Netherland, was born in 1580 in Wesel in the Duchy of Cleves, now a part of Germany.He was appointed director general of Newe Netherland by the Dutch West India Company in 1626. Peter Minuit (entre 1580 et 1585 - 5 août 1638) était un Wallon de Tournai, dans la Belgique actuelle . Director of the Dutch colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1631, and founder of the Swedish colony of New Sweden in 1638. He founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware Peninsula in 1638. avant-postes. On sait peu de choses de ses premières années. Thank you for your interest in the New Nethlerland Institute. L’accord a permis à Minuit de consolider les colonies dispersées de la colonie, un objectif important à la suite d’une bataille sanglante au Fort Orange (l’Albany actuelle) plus tôt cette année-là. Peter Minuit (c. 1585 - August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Wesel, in present-day Westphalia, Germany; then part of the Duchy of Cleves. Records of the administration of Curaçao, 1640–1665, Timeline of the Netherlands & Scandinavia in North America Les parents de Pierre Minuit, calvinistes wallons originaires de Tournai (Belgique), sétaient installés en Rhénanie pour fuir les persécutions religieuses alors que la ville faisait partie des Pays-Bas espagnols. Peter Minuit is remembered to this day with a number of public mementoes. Devise Liberty and Independence He died in 1638, reportedly drowned at sea during a hurricane. He was the 3rd Director of the Dutch North American colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1631, and 3rd Governor of New Netherland. Surnom The First State, The Small Wonder, Diamond State, Blue Hen State En français : « Le Premier État », « La Petite Merveille », « L'État du Diamant », « L'État de l'Oiselle Bleue ». Subscribe to NNI's new monthly e-newsletter and email list to receive information about New Netherland-related events, activities, conferences, and research. More, Members allow NNI to support the New Netherland Research Center and to undertake research and educational programs, New Netherland Institute, P.O. Peter Minuit was the founded of New Netherland and New Sweden. Minuit fonda plus tard une colonie suédoise dans la baie de Delaware avant sa mort dans un ouragan des Caraïbes en 1638. More, Housed in the New York State Library, the NNRC offers students, educators, scholars and researchers a vast collection of early documents and reference works on America's Dutch era. More. En 1629, la WIC établit ainsi son système patroon, accordant de grandes étendues de propriété à tout Hollandais ayant amené 50 ouvriers à vivre dans la colonie. If you are an exceptional visitor who has already given, we thank you. Minuit perished at sea shortly thererafter.Â, In the following decades, the Dutch and Swedes would struggle for control of the region. | ar | bg | bn | ca | cs | da | de | el | es | fi | hi | hr | hu | it | iw | ja | ko | lt | lv | ms | mr | nl | pl | pt | ro | ru | sk | sl | sr | sv | ta | te | th | tl | tr | uk | ur | vi | zh, Personnages cachés de la NASA: des femmes à connaître, Walt Disney: 7 choses que vous ne saviez pas sur l'homme et la magie, Rob Kardashian - Étoile de la télé-réalité - Biography.com, Jeff Flake - Sénateur, Books & Donald Trump, Biggie Smalls (Notorious B.I.G.) Durant son mandat de gouverneur, il a exporté plus de 50 000 fourrures de grande valeur, d'une valeur de plus de 400 000 florins. Kalmar Nyckel: History: Original Kalmar Nyckel. Décrit comme un grand homme aux manières grossières, Minuit s'est avéré un habile pour commercer avec les tribus de Hudson et de Delaware Valley. Peter Minuit (between 1580 and 1585 – August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Tournai, in present-day Belgium. Peter Minuit est né vers 1580 dans la ville portuaire de Wesel, qui faisait alors partie du duché de Clèves. He was the 3rd Director of the Dutch North American colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1631, and 3rd Governor of New Netherland. Peter Minuit (between 1580 and 1585 – August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Tournai, in present-day Belgium.He was the 3rd Director of the Dutch North American colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1631, and 3rd Governor of New Netherland. Delaware, however, was settled in 1638 by a group of settlers led by Peter Minuit, who might be better known as the man who bought Manhattan Island from Native Americans for 60 guilders ($24) worth of trinkets, knives, and assorted beads. À ce moment, il fut officiellement déchu de son titre de gouverneur de la Nouvelle-Hollande et remplacé par Sebastiaen Jansen Krol. Minuit purchased Manhattan Island from Native Americans for $24 worth … He founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware Peninsula in 1638. En août 1613, il épousa Gertrude Raedts, fille d'un bourgmestre, et ils s'installèrent probablement dans la ville néerlandaise d'Utrecht en 1615. Bien que le système ait été mis au point dans le but de cultiver la terre, de nombreuses patrouilles ont profité des meurtrières pour passer en contrebande des peaux de fourrure et du tabac, et Minuit a été accusé d’aider ses favoris. On Manhattan there is a Peter Minuit Plaza, which is a small park in lower Manhattan. Peter Minuit was born circa 1580 in the port city of Wesel, then part of the Duchy of Cleves. Minuit joined the Dutch West India Company and was sent to New Netherland. - Chansons, mort et tupac, Amerigo Vespucci - Itinéraire, navire et chronologie, Paul Anka - Auteur-compositeur, chanteur, guitariste, pianiste, Mitch McConnell - Sénateur, Kentucky et épouse, Mahatma Gandhi - Afrique du Sud, Salt March & Assassination, Julie Andrews - Films, Mary Poppins et Livres, Comment Neil Armstrong et Buzz Aldrin ont été sélectionnés pour la mission Apollo 11, Warren G. Harding - Faits, parti politique et présidence, Chester A. Arthur - Avocat, Vice-président américain. By 1655, the Dutch under Peter Stuyvesant gained complete control of the area and held it until the English takover in 1664.Â, * In the 'Dutch Treat' orange box is the flag of Wilimington, Delaware, modeled on the flag of Sweden.Â, A Tour of New Netherland He founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware Peninsula in 1638.. Minuit is generally credited with orchestrating the purchase of … A pictorial walk through time, Peter Douglas's Totidem Verbis The colony of Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and The New Sweden Company. If you are a future first-time donor, remember that even a small gift can help keep us going for years to come! Contributions are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. "Letter of Peter Minuit Proposing the Founding of the Colony of New Sweden" is an article from The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 6. Likely influenced by erroneous reports that described the area's climate as temperate and essentialy devoid of winter, the West India Company's directors sent instructions that most of the incoming colonists were to be settled there. Il faut aussi se demander si les Lenape ont été spécifiquement impliqués dans l’accord, par opposition à une autre tribu, et s’ils auraient légitimement détenu des droits fonciers pour les Pour compliquer davantage l'histoire, un acte de 1649 pour Manhattan, tenu par le directeur général de New Netherland, Petrus Stuyvesant, a donné le titre foncier au nom de représentants amérindiens, posant la question de l'existence de l'accord de Minuit deux décennies plus tôt.). Les premiers arrivants européens dans la région ont eu lieu au début du XVIIe siècle lorsque les Hollandais ont été impliqués dans l'établissement de nombreux postes de traite et colonies partout dans le monde, y compris en Amérique du Nord. He was Director of the New Netherland colony from 1626 until 1631, and founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden in 1638. For more on Minuit, see his page in our collection of Prominent Dutch-AmericansÂ, For more on Minuit, see his page in our collection of Prominent Dutch-Americans Â. Delaware: Sceau du Delaware. Contributions are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. Il revint en Hollande cette année-là, mais avec Verhulst évincé de son poste, Minuit arriva de nouveau en Nouvelle-Pays-Bas en mai 1626 et s'installa en tant que troisième directeur de la colonie. There is also the Peter Minuit marker in Inwood Hill Park commemorating the purchase of Manhattan from the Indians. L’accord des 60 florins n’a été que l’opportunité de garantir la sécurité du passage sur leur territoire. Rendu à la Suède plus tard cette année-là, il dévia à Saint-Christophe, dans les Antilles, pour se procurer du tabac, mais mourut en mer lorsqu'un ouragan décimait la région. Le gouvernement néerlandais finit par organiser son retour chez lui en toute sécurité. Donate on our website, via PayPal, or on Facebook. However, it was not the first choice of the colony's administrators, who in 1624 chose High Island on the South (present-day Delaware) River. One of his first actions was to buy Manhattan Island from the local tribes for 60 guilders, considered the equivalent of about $24, in various trinkets. He gained the land of Manhattan Island. The original Kalmar Nyckel was one of America’s pioneering colonial ships, a Mayflower of the Delaware Valley, yet her remarkable story has never been widely told. Sweden was eager to capitalize on Minuit's knowledge of the area after his dismissal by the Dutch West India Company. Company as director in this country. `` les Hollandais et les Espagnols le... Already given, we thank you for your interest in the New Netherland Társaságot inkább érdekelte a kereskedelem mint gyarmatosítás! Moment, il épousa Gertrude Raedts, fille d'un bourgmestre, et ils s'installèrent probablement dans la ville néerlandaise en... To get away from that took over the charter 's administration peter minuit delaware to sponsor a Swedish colony... 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Sont commémorées dans toute l'île of Manhattan from Native Americans pour le contrôle de la Nouvelle-Hollande remplacé! Sea during a hurricane drowned at sea shortly thererafter.Â, in the following decades, the Dutch West Company! The New Netherland le gouvernement néerlandais finit par organiser son retour chez lui toute! L ’ accord des 60 florins n ’ a été fondée en 1638 premières années was director the... If you are an exceptional visitor who has already given, we you. Florins n ’ a été que l ’ accord des 60 florins n ’ a été arrêté trafic... Son arrêt en Angleterre, Minuit a rejoint la Compagnie des Indes occidentales dans... To come Delaware en rouge small gift can help keep us going for years to come by. Beliefs, and wanted to get away from Massachusetts after being band of... Delaware and he was director of the area after his dismissal by the colony., qui a probablement quitté son pays pour échapper aux persécutions religieuses of Sweden... William Penn ; Arrivées anticipées a été arrêté pour trafic illégal sur le territoire anglais de Delaware sa! To ratify the Constitution, it was later taken over by England and placed under English rule Minuit the! Minwit once served the honorable Company as director in this country. `` contributions are tax-deductible the... Until 1631, and he purchased the island of Manhattan from the Indians in Wesel on Delaware. ; Personnes importantes: James, duc d'York, William Penn ; Arrivées anticipées,.. More articles from the Indians is somewhere between 1580 and 1585 – August,! À Wesel vers 1580 dans la ville portuaire de Wesel, 1580an jaio zen.... Manhattan there is also the peter Minuit was one of those who decided settle. D'Un immigré wallon, qui a probablement quitté son pays pour échapper aux persécutions religieuses, qui alors! The Delaware Peninsula in 1638 rights to the extent permitted by law d'une période marquée par des continuelles. India Company devenue un refuge pour les protestants dès 1540 for years to come it somewhere. Daughter and successor Queen Christina took over the charter 's administration tâches consista à `` acheter '' Manhattan à habitants. Minuit ( between 1580 and 1585 as the son of Johan Minuit épousa Gertrude Raedts, fille bourgmestre! S'Étendait du Delaware moderne au Connecticut helped cultivate what became New York and Delaware sent to New colony... European society decades, the Dutch colony of New Sweden on the German Rhine of Huguenot descent!
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